Cognition is the mental process involved in gaining knowledge and comprehension. It has five core functions: Executive functions, Working memory, Episodic memory, Attention and Psychomotor speed. It creates order and clarity in life.
Children with cognitive disabilities have difficulties that often lead to practical everyday problems, like arriving too late or too early; constantly searching for things; forgetting daily tasks like packing their school bag; facing uncertainty in their daily schedule; not getting started - lacking a ”start button”.
What are the usual challenges for students with autism?
- Difficulties understanding time
- Remembering what to do
- Focusing on the task at hand
- Planning their day
- Having motivation to start and finish activities
This often leads to stress and anxiety. This in turn leads to challenges for the school professionals to help the students assimilate and engage with the teaching.