If you have autism, you interpret things that happen differently to other people. You may have difficulty taking in a lot of information, communicating and socialising with others. You might have special interests and repeat certain kinds of behaviour. For example, this could be wanting to do things in a certain, specific and repetitive way, referred to as rituals. Having to deviate from your routines and rituals can result in sudden episodes of anger and despair.
The diagnosis is usually made in childhood, but sometimes adults are also diagnosed following an investigation. Autism presents in a number of different ways in different people. A common form of autism is called Asperger's syndrome. More severe forms of autism are frequently accompanied by a developmental disorder and sometimes epilepsy.
What can daily life be like with autism?
Your communication with others may be restricted.
You might have difficulty performing activities independently.
- You might have a special interest but lack interest in your surroundings.
- You might be dependent on your parents, carers or support workers.
- You might have difficulty understanding social interaction.
- You may have difficulty coping with change, and this might make you afraid, angry and anxious.
It is common for children with autism to learn to talk late or not at all. As many as half of all children with autism do learn to talk, and there is a wide variation among those who do. A few can talk spontaneously and express themselves well, while still having difficulty understanding and interpreting the deeper meaning of language. Difficulty understanding humor, irony and the significance of symbols are also common.
People with autism often have difficulty initiating and maintaining conversations with others. They may also have difficulty interpreting facial expressions, looks, gestures and tone of voice in communications with other people. With autism, it is common to prefer a day with routine and structure and to have difficulty dealing with change. This may be because people with autism have difficulty imagining different alternatives and what will happen, so they become afraid and anxious.
Tools from Abilia can make your everyday life easier
If you have autism, it can be really helpful to get a clear idea of your day. This is in order to get more control over your day of and a better sense for it, and also to get some idea of how things fit in together. By planning and structuring your day, you can make things easier both for yourself and for those close to you. Knowing what you are going to do and when will make you less dependent on others. It gives you more control over your own life. We have calendars of various kinds, for use both at home and on your mobile. Some people find it helpful to have pictures of what will be happening during the day or in order to be able to get help with morning routines, etc.
You may need help expressing yourself and making yourself understood. At Abilia, we have a wide range of different aids that can help you to make yourself understood and to communicate with others as part of your daily routine. This might mean communicating with pictures and symbols when you can't find the right words. Getting help with things that you find difficult will allow you to take greater responsibility for yourself and be better able to make the most of your abilities.